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VantageScore credit score is created by the three credit bureaus (Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion). They developed their own scoring system called VantageScore to compete with FICO. FICO is an organization that created algorithms to determine the risks of potential borrowers.

The VantageScore credit score has gone through a number of iterations most notable is the change of their credit score range from 501-990 to the similar FICO range of 350-850.

There are many ways credit scores are calculated. There is no one real credit score. In fact, the credit scores that your lender uses may be different from the scores you get from FICO itself. All these scoring methodologies all use the same information found in your credit report, however, calculations to come up with your credit score.

VantageScores uses six factors to calculate credit scores

Payment historyhow timely and consistent your payments are28%
Credit utilizationdebt-to-credit ratios and how much credit is available23%
Credit balanceswhat your total debt is; most likely, delinquent debt is counted more harshly than current debt9%
Depth of creditlength of credit history and types of credit previously received9%
Recent credithow recent and many new hard inquiries and new accounts there are30%
Available credithow much credit can be accessed, for example, could you spend $50,000 of credit tonight or within the next week1%


What doesn’t count

Lots of things don’t factor into the VantageScore model — or any other credit scoring model, for that matter — including race, color, religion, nationality, gender, marital status, age, salary, occupation, title, employer, employment history, where you live, or even your total assets.

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